New York (AFP) - Citigroup's Jane Fraser will become the first woman to lead a major Wall Street firm after the banking giant on Thursday picked her as its next chief executive.
Fraser is set to take over the top job in February, replacing Michael Corbat who will retire.
Her appointment was touted on social media for shattering Wall Street's glass ceiling and comes amid intensifying focus on the need to diversify American corporate leadership in the aftermath of the "Me Too" movement on workplace equity and mass protests in the US for racial justice.
"Jane Fraser's appointment is an historic moment for women," Texas Democratic Representative Al Green said on Twitter. "But we still have a way to go to achieve diversity & inclusion that captures the whole of our nation."
In April 2019, Green pressed Corbat and six other Wall Street CEOs at a congressional hearing, asking the seven white men if they foresaw a successor who was a woman or a person of color -- none raised his hand.
Fraser, who has served as president and CEO of Citigroup's global consumer banking since 2019, will join the board of directors immediately, the bank said. She has held prior roles for Citi in Latin America and in investment banking.
"I am honored by the Board's decision and grateful to Mike for his leadership and support," Fraser, 53, said in a press release.
"Our balance sheet is strong and our commitment to serving our clients and communities is even stronger. I will do everything I can to make all our stakeholders proud of our firm as we continue to build a better bank and improve our returns."
The move comes as Citi pivots to a more challenging operating environment as large banks set aside billions of dollars to cover the potential for bad loans due to the coronavirus.
Other women have become CEOs of big financial companies or in related industries, such as Abigail Johnson at Fidelity Investments and Julie Sweet at Accenture. But in taking the helm of the fourth-biggest US bank by assets, Fraser joins a group of Wall Street CEOs that until now has been exclusively led by white men.
Her appointment to the top job had been telegraphed from her prior promotion in October 2019 to president and head of global consumer banking. Senior women at JPMorgan Chase also are in line to potentially succeed Jamie Dimon, who is expected to retire in the coming years.
The Scottish-born Fraser joined Citi in 2004 after earlier roles at Goldman Sachs and McKinsey & Company. She has spoken openly about being a working mother in finance, recounting in 2016 how she worked part-time at McKinsey.
Having children "humanized me," Fraser said in the 2016 appearance at the Americas Society. "There is nothing like having children to help you understand where your priorities are."
Fraser also pursued sometimes unorthodox career moves, such as exiting as head of the private bank in London in 2013 to oversee a turnaround of the mortgage business from St. Louis, Missouri in the US Midwest.
"Everyone thought I was completely nuts," she said. "I knew I would grow. I knew I would a learn a completely different skill set."
Industry faces headwinds
After stumbling badly during the subprime mortgage crisis, Citigroup recovered in the ensuing decade after the 2008 financial crisis.
From 2012 to 2019, the banking giant saw net income rise from $7 billion to $20 billion, Corbat said in the press release.
"We went from returning hardly any capital to returning nearly $80 billion in capital to our shareholders over the last six years," he said.
The improvement coincided with a post-2008 US economic expansion that ended abruptly with the coronavirus outbreak.
In the most recent quarter, Citigroup added $5.6 billion in reserves for bad loans, a factor in a 73 percent drop in profits to $1.3 billion. Large banks also are staring at a lengthy period of low interest rates, putting a damper on another source of profits.
"The pandemic has a grip on the economy and it doesn't seem likely to loosen until vaccines are widely available," Corbat said on a conference call with analysts.
CFRA Research analyst Kenneth Leon said in a note he was "positive" on the appointment, adding that Fraser has "best-in-class experience" from working in leadership across Citi's major divisions.
Shares of Citigroup dropped nearly 1.0 percent to $50.95, moving in line with most other big banks.